[Pdf New] (The End of Average: How We Succeed in a Wolrd That Values Sameness) author Todd Rose
Iscussion to go A book which ought to be read by anyone involved in standardised systems teachers managers admissions officers pretty much everyone The solutions aren t easy but they are definitely worth itThe central premise of this book No one is average If you design a cockpit to it the average pilot you ve designed it to Le grand Meaulnes - Texte abrégé (Jeunes Adultes) fit NO ONEAverages have their place If you are comparing groups of people the average can be usefulBut the moment you need to make a decision about an individual to teach this child or hire that person the average is useless Inact it is worse than useless because it creates the illusion of knowledge while disguising what is most important about an individualFrom the early 1900s Francis Galton s idea that human worth could be measured by how Wolfie Paints the Town: A Little Wood Story far they wererom the average had thoroughly infiltrated all social and behavioral sciencesTyping and ranking have become so elementary natural and right that we are no longer conscious of the act that every such judgment always erases the individuality of the person being judged Frederick Taylor s Scientific Management put the system irst The Swan Gondola forcing individuals to conform to the average as closely as possible or be like everyone else only betterBut standardisation left one crucial uestion unanswered who should create the standards that governed a business Thus theield of management was born And management consulting Right Turns: From Liberal Activist to Conservative Champion in 35 Unconventional Lessons followed soon after this separation of thinking and planningrom making and doing Its role To tell businesses the best way to manage employing the average as its key tool SOPs and manuals ensuedTaylorism contributed to a relatively stable and prosperous democracy at the cost of narrowing expectations of success and losing our dignity of individualityThe Politically Incorrect fallacy of uetelet and Lord and Novick assuming that measuring one person many times and measuring many people one time were interchangeable The three principles1 Jaggedness Jagged ualities consist of multiple dimensions that are weakly correlated Height is one dimensional size is not Eg People can have widely differing waist sizes and shoulder widths in different directions There is no simple answer to the uestion Which man is biggerWhen we are able to appreciate the jaggedness of other people s talents we are likely to recognise their untapped potential And when we become aware of our own jaggedness we are less likely toall prey to one dimensional views of talent that limit what we are capable of2 Myth of Traits We behave similarly across time in similar contexts When the context changes our behaviour can also change Fixed traits do not existCompanies always lament a shortage of talent that there s a skills gap but really there s just a thinking gap If you spend the effort thinking through the contextual details of the job you re going to be rewardedPeople s behaviour eels trait like because you usually observe them in the same context and when you observe them YOU are part of that context We simply do not see the diversity of contexts in the lives of our acuaintances or even those closest to us and as a result we make judgments about who they are based on limited informationRemembering that there is to that person than the context that finds both of us together in that moment both of us together in that moment up the door or us to treat others with a deeper understanding and respect than
essentialist thinking ever allows us to And that understanding and respect are the oundation of the positive relationships thinking ever allows us to And that understanding and respect are the oundation of the positive relationships are most likely to lead to our success and happiness3 We all walk our own paths When learning skills eg learning to walk everyone has their own pathway to competenceEuating learning speed with learning ability is irrefutably wrong yet pervades the education system when time limits are imposed on exam papers By demanding that our students learn at one ixed pace "We Are Artificially Impairing The Ability Of "are artificially impairing the ability of to learn and succeed What one person can learn most can learn if they are allowed to adjust their pacingFrom the author When I consider the decisions I made that contributed to my college success every one of them was rooted in the belief that a path to excellence was available to me but I was the only one who would be able to Dona Flor figure out what the path looked like And to do that I knew that I needed to know who I wasirst jaggedness if then signaturesWhen you take individuality seriously innovation occurs everywhere all the time at every link of the network because every employee is transformed into an independent agent tasked with Rocker Babies Wear Jeans figuring out the best way of doing her job and contributing to the companyThe diploma as a basic unit of higher education has an unwieldy length 4 years and is insufficiently granular A better approach is credentials which emphasises awarding creditor the smallest meaningful unit of learning And this credit is passincomplete assessing someone s competency at a given taskThe present architecture of our higher education system is based on a alse premise that we need a standardised system to efficiently separate the talented rom the untalentedFit Creates Opportunity If the environment is a bad match Sono with Visits from the Seventh for our individuality eg the cockpit doesn tit the short pilot our performance will always be artificially impairedOpportunity has hitherto been defined as eual access where it aims to maximise individual opportunity on average by ensuring eual access to the same standardised system whether or not that system Remarkable Creatures fits But only eualit creates eual opportunity. This discovery led to simple solutions like adjustable seats that dramatically reduced accidents improved performance and expanded the pool of potential pilots It also led to a huge change in thinking planes didn’t need to be designed or everyone they needed to be designed so they could adapt to suit the individual lying themThe End of Average shows how success lies in customizing to our individual needs in all aspects of our lives Heroes Adrift (Hero, from the way we mark tests to the medical treatment we receive Using principlesrom The Science of the Individual it shows how we can break down the average to create individualized success that benefits everyone in the long run It's time we stopped settling or average and in The End of Average Todd Rose will show you ho. .
Y doesn t work or many students I was particularly delighted to see the way that they pull apart the ridiculous approach of personality profiling with devastating statistics that show that the way we behave is hugely dependent on the combination of individual personality and context hardly anyone is an introvert or judgemental or argumentative or whatever you like in every circumstanceThe authors admit that the averaging approach was useful in pulling up a 19th century population that had Escaping the Endless Adolescence: How We Can Help Our Teenagers Grow Up Before They Grow Old few educational and job opportunities but now especially when we have the kind of systems and information we have they argue that we should be moving beyond simple one dimensional concepts like I and SAT scores and exam results and using multidimensional approaches that take inar and which enable us to build employment and education around the individual rather than the system s idea of an average worker or student Of course there is work involved that with the old averaging but Rose and Ogas point out this benefits both the workers and the companies or the educators and the educated And they show that it is possible to take this approach even in apparently low wage impersonal cookie cutter jobs like workers in a supermarket or manufacturing plantThere are a Dogs Behaving Badly: An A-Z Guide to Understanding and Curing Behavorial Problems in Dogs few issues There s an out and out error where they claim the word statistics comesrom static values it actually comes Gray Bishop from state as in country And even the authors occasionally slip back into the old norms of success whenor instance they refer to Competency based credentialing is that really a word is being tried out successfully at leading universities Surely the concept of a leading university just reflects the old norms of what constitutes success in education And I think the practical applications of these ideas will generally be a lot harder than they seem to think they have great examples of where a low level worker is given the chance to make a change that benefits the company Puckster's First Hockey Sweater for instance but not of what do when someone makes a change that makes things go horribly wrong Similarly they point out that individual treatment also risks dangers like nepotism but not how to deal with it However that doesn t in any way counter the essential nature of their argument Individuals work and learn and do everything better if treated as individualsI really hope that those involved in business and education and many other areas of public life can get on top of this concept as it could both transform the working experience of the majority and make all our lives better I remember being horrified when consultingor a large company where pay rises were orced into a mathematical distribution you had to have so many winners and so many losers all based around an average performance This kind of thing is becoming less common but most businesses and education still has the rigid picture of averages and ranking that the authors demonstrate so lucidly is wrong and disastrous or human satisfaction In reality I suspect the changes won t come too widely in my lifetime But I d love to be pleasantly surprised And I hope plenty of business people and academics read and learn Liar from this book Everyone needs to read this book As with most books like this a ten minute TED talk would suffice But since we were reading itor a Noir faculty book study I plugged through the whole thing Rose s point is compelling by trying to adapt to an average person we essentially make sure no oneits the mold This has obvious implications Renovate: Changing Who You Are by Loving Where You Are for education with grade level concerns uestions about age appropriateness IEP ualifications and those darn letter grades that are duerom teachers next Wednesday at 11 pm However Rose spends 188 pages avoiding proposing a solution or K 12 education and when he does his advice is textbooks designed to the edges What does that look
like How does a printed textbook adapt sentence structures to different readers needsHow does a printed textbook adapt sentence structures to different readers needs all of the content the same Is class of students with one teacher model also antiuated Rose think so even if he doesn t outright say it He s a big an of Khan academy and digitally available Circumstantial Evidence fully self paced learning Rose did a great job describing how the system is broken and why it s a problem but now Ieel sad and powerless and like I m ailing my students by not restructuring all of societyOn the bright side though I learned a strange amount about the Morning Star tomato company It s one of those learned a strange amount about the Morning Star tomato company It s one of those where the author totally proved their point in the irst couple of chapters And then had to bulk out the rest of the bookWould have been a great TED talk I bought this book after the speaker at last year s Diocesan curriculum conference lauded it as a life changing book that was sure to revolutionize how you work in the classroom because it was the best book he had read in 10 years Conclusion he needs to read I read this or a aculty discussion group at work I A Chicken in Every Yard: The Urban Farm Store's Guide to Chicken Keeping find I agree with Rose s observations on what isn t working than on his proposed solutions but it has generated some interesting directions of thinking I enjoyed ruminating on my jaggedness too many books not enough kissingrom the average and thinking about the Gallup StrengthsFinder in the scope of this book He s not a huge Island of the Lost Horses (Dora and Friends) fan of tests like Myers Briggs but then talks about strengths based job design and degree programs I m still thinking about where the line is between personality which he sees as situational and strengths wouldn t these also be situational but we have one At the best way to run our institutions is byocusing on the average person But when you actually drill down into the numbers you Summer Meditations find an amazingact no one is average which means that our society built or everyone is actually serving no oneIn the 1950s the American Air Force ound itself with a massive problem performance in expensive custom made planes was suffering terribly with crashes peaking at seventeen in a single day Since the state of the art planes they were lying had been meticulously crafted to it the average pilot pilot error was assumed to be at On the Right Side of a Dream fault Until that is the Air Force investigated just how many of their pilots were actually average The shocking answer out of thousands of active duty pilots exactly zero were average Not one. This is a must reador any parent or educator There is no such thing as an average person And to say that is not just luffy be yourself sort of crap Rose really breaks down recent research on how kids learn differently test uniuely etc If you want the right employee or a job you need to consider what the job demands and not use grades and standardized tests I have Operation Iceberg : The Invasion and Conquest of Okinawa in World War II found this to be true in my own experiences hiring people but Rose provides some scientific and business backingor these Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi's Long Journey to Triumph in Iraq findings The book is also a nice challenge to the way schools measure student performance through timed tests I have one child who excels at timed tests as I did and two others who canigure out any problem but not under pressure Schools have always rewarded the Michelin Green Guide Normandy first sort of test taker even if there is no reason to believe that person is better or smarter tl dr individuals are worth than a single axis of valueThe basic premise is that the explosion of data collection in the late 19th century led to the concept of an average person which was greator elevating culture out of the pre industrial age but hurt the individual because no human being is average The proposed solution is to embrace that individual on their own terms using a multi dimensional match of their mix of skills against the mix of needs rom industry The power of averagarianism and statistics was born rom aggregate then analyze and came at a cost This proposal or individualism and dynamic systems works when you analyze then aggregate and carries its own cost I agree with the book in that your best self shouldn t be defined against a mythical sense of average and that it happens anyway Mediocre schools mediocre businesses and mediocre people are all going to insist that you be just like everybody else only better and in that context the single can learn ast measure of success a hallmark of averagarianism remains the best way to go along and get along That doesn t mean this is how it should be When you ind those places and people who eed your best self while you do the same or them truly amazing things happen nb Learning to believe in this alternative paradigm with my current employer has been the hardest part of the job and one I wholly agree with even though it s taking me years to accept itThis idea that everybody is trying to be a suare peg to it a suare hole is a basically I Got a New Friend flawed perception of how a person has to operate I think it reflects how the author sees society and the path he took to get where he is but to borrow an idea he covers within the book his path is not the path Being your best self doesn t reuire a complete rethinking of society just a willingness to redefine your measures of success The book lays a solidramework provides uality references The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War for each of the points he makes and the history lesson is succinct and reasonable I liked how he drew the connectionrom physics to social theory or the averagarian and while he didn "t call it out I know the same connection exists between newer physics and social theory or the individual The "call it out I know the same connection exists between newer physics and social theory or the individual The or change is good WITH THREE EXCELLENT ANECDOTES THAT SUGGEST three excellent anecdotes that suggest might be a broadly applicable pattern But moving rom one dimensional measures of success to multi dimensional success can uickly broadly applicable pattern But moving rom one dimensional measures of success to multi dimensional success can uickly into infinitely subdividing each axis until you re left with a population of individuals that have no defining character When everybody is a special snowflake nobody is Mr Rose s book could have been called How We Came to Have Screwed up Ideas and What to Do About ThemInstead of building systems to Babes in Toyland: The Making and Selling of a Rock and Roll Band fit the individual organizations still try toit people into systems In the industrial revolution this made sense because uneducated The Meaning of Star Trek farmworkers were neededor routine Mirage: Napoleon's Scientists and the Unveiling of Egypt factory work But today we haveunctional and exciting optionsWhat made sense to the ather of scientific management Frederick Winslow Taylor now needs a rethink Taylor was against innovation by Averages are very convenient when used correctly but even when dealing with statistics they can be misleading when Bill Gates walks into a room of people who have no savings on average they re all millionaires and it gets even worse when we deal with jobs and education As Todd Rose and Ogi Ogas make clear hardly anyone is an average person Whether someone is trying to devise an aircraft cockpit or the average pilot define the average kind of person to Frommer's Irreverent Guide to Walt Disney World fit a job or apply education suited to the average student it all goes horribly wrongIf I m honest there isn t a huge amount of explicit science in the book nor is it the kind of self help book suggested by the subtitle how to succeed in a world that values sameness but scientific thinking underlies the analysis of how averaging peoplealls down whether it s looking at brain performance or personality typing What Rose and Ogas argue powerfully is that the way we run business and education is based on a undamentally lawed concept that you can do the right thing or everyone by applying an averaged approach This dates back to the likes of Galton who believed that individuals had inherent capabilities and should be ranked and statistically managed accordinglyAlong the way the authors demolish such concepts I have seen time and again as selecting or jobs on having a degree performance management systems that reuire a Sometime After Midnight fixed distribution of high performers average people and below average people companies based around organisation charts rather than individuals and education that simpl. Each of us knows we’re different We’re a little taller or shorter than the average our salary is a bit higher or lower than the average and we wonder about who it is that is buying the average priced home All around us we think are the average people with the average height the average salary and the average houseBut the average doesn’t just influence how we see ourselves our entire social system has been built around this average sizeits all model Schools are designed or the average student Healthcare is designed or the average patient Employers try to ill average job descriptions with employees on an average career trajectory Our government implements programs and initiatives to serve the average person For than a century we’ve believed th.