PDF KINDLE Kant e l'ornitorinco Ö Umberto Eco
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way I wish Eco had come up with a better conclusion He did say what I wish Eco had come up with a better conclusion He did say what wanted to say but the crux of his discussion comes to us when we understand that the act of naming a difference is the creation of that spectrum Between two differences or between many discourses that may not connect that he connects if we are able to articulate a difference between them then that difference appears The difference between them is negligible shrinking to nothing If we however do detect a difference then we can speak of it sideways and that itself is a metaphorI think Eco should have encountered the work of Paul Ricoeur It have have encountered the work of Paul Ricoeur It would interesting to see a conjunction between the two of them Ricoeur is interested in the same things although as a philosopher of language a rhetorician he approaches the formulation from a position of narrative the root of which is metaphor The connection of two unlike things is what metaphor is and that generic connection can be what creates narrative though the excuse of temporal displacement in which multiple events are strung together as one long thing a string of causation that is complete only if it has all its partsBut that may be a sideline Eco eventually ends up in the position of generic objects which gives us back to semiotics and signs From there he utilizes generic objects to set up identity and nowledge For this he could connect to Alain Badiou s work in set theory with the formulation of naked signs that are generic events with their indiscernible aspect that allow them to be applied multiple times anywhere without losing their connection to Truth Once we get to this point though we are only talking about icons which are representations in themselves without actuality Their difference their next step down is the hypoicon which names the immediate first object without representation but only the sensory form itself which leaves us in limboPerhaps this is why Eco did not write a conclusion He had none He could only leave us to our imagination as to how to connect the two With the visual pun Mexican on a bicycle he leaves us to ponder the ambiguity of experience that contextual changes or hypoiconic changes although different in type leads us with completely different understandings While he wants to connect semiotics to philosophy as an anterior buffering and semiotics to cognition as an internal marker of order to relate sense datum to signs he only at best manages a description Never can we understand that connection without first naming it And never can we name it without forcing it to become something other than what it might be otherwise a way of plugging parts together Not an easy task by any means for anyone to write about and Eco does a great job of hammering through what could have been far much denser textI suppose this is what we get for being creatures of language Language lets us model but it only lets us model generics When we subtract particularities from the object we get the generic but adding those particularities back gets us identities singletons which are uniue and yet a different object Mysterious that we can extract type from tokens and then speak only in types when talking about tokens I forget where he says it but we speak in generics even if we mean individual singletons This is very much a root of racism or an issue with categorization of how we can Fragments know anything and the limits of what wenow can be And yet often without really Foundations of Tropical Forest Biology: Classic Papers with Commentaries knowing we are still able to speak and negotiate and navigate to come to new understandings often without having to completely reconstruct the language we use at allThis ability is very much aind of miracle I suppose then it is best that we can t find that missing piece that lets us connect the old to new or create new from old Lest if we did find it and examine it we would end up losing our very ability to create new narratives formulate new metaphors and ultimately give rise to new words We would in fact lose the ability to create new historyThis is very much the wonder I wish to look at and Eco gives us a great if somewhat long yet relatively simply written narrative for which to guide us about pondering this miracle 5 stars This book is hard to read Eco uses many languages long complex sentences and a peculiar strain of humor which combine to make a complex topic extremely hard to understand But it also makes it highly readable Which is fortunate because I think this is a really important topic and this is the only book I ve read that addresses it directly If you make it all the way through you ll come away with a deeper understanding of how people come to understand things and how they communicate those things to other humans That might seem like common sense but this book is a great example of how taking a philosophical approach to something that seems obvious can lead you to a deeper understanding I use what I learned ever day It s ch. G on issues that affect us every day At once philosophical and amusing Kant and the Platypus is a tour of the world of our senses told by a master of nowing what is real and what is no. A thoroughly worthwhile readI love work
he is better taken slowly like great wine I happen to like much of what I have is better taken slowly like great wine I happen to like much of what I have from Umberto Eco 1 and this book is no exception to that general enjoyment Unlike many people in his field Eco had a firm grasp of the fact that communication and cognition do not operate by building castles in the air but have to address a reality that may not be perfectly understood but that provides a test of the mental theories that various people or groups make This book is full of humorous references to the difficulty of UNDERSTANDING THE PLATYPUS AND THE CHALLENGE SUCH AN ANIMAL the platypus and the challenge such an animal when it comes to proper categorization as an egg laying animal with a duckbill that nevertheless otherwise resembles river dwelling mammals The author also has something interesting to say about the development of the model of the horse by the Aztecs who encountered Montezuma and how it was the experience of the Spanish conuest cut off the chance that the Aztecs and their leaders had to respond to the reality of the horse and best deal with it as an element of the Spanish military efforts These and other examples demonstrate Eco s profound interest in the relationship between reality and efforts to understand it and communicate about itThis book of nearly 400 pages is divided into six chapters and numerous section within each chapter The first chapter looks at the uestion of being and discusses the relationship between language and reality and how we talk about and deal with the problem of being 1 After that the author discusses Kant Pierce and the platypus with a look at how the platypus reputation was similar to the way that Polo claimed that the rhino was a unicorn 2 The third essay looks at the relationship between cognitive types and nuclear and molar content 3 spending special time on stories about animals like the horse and oysters as well as a hilarious look at the theory of nowledge among angels that led to success for the archangel Gabriel There is a chapter on the place of the platypus between dictionary and encyclopedia pointing out the problem of the negotiation of definitions 4 After that the author provides a chapter that looks at the nature of reference and contract 5 before closing the main contents of the book with a debate on iconism and reality 6 after which there are endnotes a collection of works cited and an indexOne thing this author does well is demonstrate that semiotics need not be divorced from other fields but that it can provide an important link between how we think and the external world that we have to deal with By using animals including the horse and platypus as heroes of a journey into semiotics and its connections with other fields the author does a good job at making the material relatable and deeply amusing Platypuses for example are generally funny animals because of their mosaic nature and the long time it took to understand how it was that an egg laying mammal with milk glands that acted like sweat glands than like the nipples of most mammals ended up still being a mammal The word for horse in nahuatl was originally a word that was used to refer to deer before the surviving Aztecs adopted words related to the Spanish caballo What we now or what we think we now and what is present challenges to our language as our understanding is shaped by our experiences while also shaping the way we interpret the reality around us If you want an enjoyable collection of essays about semiotics this is certainly a worthwhile one1 See for example Tempted to throw out the five star rating on this one but I do not believe that this is something that is going to be really life changing or horizon broadening but it is just uite goodWhat I really loved about these essays are their simplicity Eco does an excellent job of explaining theories of language cognition and semiotics without resorting to dense technical language or dumbing downWith so many essays its tough to sum up exactly what you ll find in this book but I think it s worth a read whether you re new to the subject or I imagine have an academic involvement in semiotics Description How we now that a cat is a cat is a nice philosophical poser and has been since the time of Plato Why we should all agree on calling the animal a cat is eually interesting yet it throws up the problem that lies at the heart of all modern philosophy how much do our perceptions of things depend on our cognitive ability and how much on our linguistic resourcesWhere and how do these two uestions meet Having decided against a systematic treatment of his subject Umberto Eco undertakes a series of idiosyncratic and typically brilliant explorations starting from the perceived data of common sense from which flow an abundance of stories or fables often with animals as protagonists to expound a clear critiue of Kant Heidegger and Peirce And as a beast designed specifically to throw spa. How do we now a cat is a cat And why do we call it a cat How much of our perception of things is based on cognitive ability and how much on linguistic resources Here in six remarkable.